Winter holidays are a time for families and friends to get together. But that also means a greater risk for fire. Following a few simple tips will ensure a happy and fire-safe holiday season.
Holiday decoration fires are most likely to happen in the living room, family room or den. Almost half of all home decoration fires are started by candles. Half of holiday decoration fires happen because decorations are placed too close to a heat source. Blow out lit candles when you leave the room or go to bed. Turn off all light strings and decorations before leaving home or going to bed. See more of the National Fire Protections Association’s suggestions for winter holiday decorating and entertaining safety.
Carbon monoxide (CO) is a colorless, odorless, poisonous gas that forms from incomplete combustion of fuels, such as natural or liquefied petroleum gas, oil, wood or coal.
Facts and Figures
480 U.S. residents died between 2001 and 2003 from non-fire-related carbon-monoxide poisoning.
Most CO exposures occur during the winter months, especially in December (including 56 deaths, and 2,157 non-fatal exposures), and in January (including 69 deaths and 2,511 non-fatal exposures). The peak time of day for CO exposure is between 6 and 10 p.m.
Many experts believe that CO poisoning statistics understate the problem. Because the symptoms of CO poisoning mimic a range of common health ailments, it is likely that a large number of mild to mid-level exposures are never identified, diagnosed, or accounted for in any way in carbon monoxide statistics.
Out of all reported non-fire carbon-monoxide incidents, 89% or almost nine out of 10 of them take place in a home.
Old, active knob-and-tube electrical wiring was discovered in this attic that had been unprofessionally spliced with modern electrical wiring and was in direct contact with framing elements in the attic, clear safety issues. My client was under the impression that all wiring in this home had been updated; truth be told, it simply was not. I recommended further evaluation and repair by a qualified electrician. If you have knob-and-tube wiring, consider upgrading to modern wiring. At a minimum, don’t splice into it and keep it clear and free from contacting anything as it can overheat. Do not insulate attics or crawl spaces that have knob-and-tube wiring. This was discovered at a recent home inspection in Oak Harbor on Whidbey Island.
When you see water stains on the ceiling, together with plastic Tupperware, you know there’s likely an active roof leak! Of course, I use very expensive equipment to confirm (e.g., moisture meter and infrared thermography camera), but this one was obvious. With water intrusion, there’s always the possibility of underlying damage not visible without invasive inspection; it wouldn’t hurt to open the ceiling and look for possible mold growth. This was discovered at a recent home inspection on Orcas Island in the San Juan Islands.
Why do we home inspectors call out missing cover plates at electrical junction boxes? Well, it’s really quite simple. A cover plate protects people from inadvertently touching live electrical wires and components in the junction box. Additionally, cover plates help encapsulate an electrical event if it ever happens. Yes, it’s a simple fix, but highly recommended. This was discovered at a home inspection in Anacortes on Fidalgo Island, but is called out on almost every home inspection.
It’s all too common to find metal deck joist hardware that isn’t fully fastened or nailed. How much extra effort does it take to pound in a few more nails and allow the hardware to serve its intended purpose? This is a simple, but necessary, fix. This was discovered at a home inspection in Friday Harbor on San Juan Island.
The wood stove flue pictured here is in direct contact with roof tar paper, a clear safety issue. If you’ve ever tried to light tar paper, you’d find it makes great fire starter! Double-wall metal flues typically require at least two (2) inches “free and clear” of combustible materials for safety reasons. This was discovered at a recent home inspection in Friday Harbor on San Juan Island. Further evaluation and repair by a qualified contractor was advised for safety reasons.
Inspecting the furnace at a recent home inspection in Oak Harbor on Whidbey Island, I noted corrosion, deterioration and holes in the flue pipe which is a clear safety issue. This particular furnace was 15 years old and approaching the end of its expected life. It’s important to service your furnace on an annual basis for optimal performance, longevity and safety reasons.
If you have insulation in your attic that looks like this picture, it may be vermiculite insulation. This type of insulation could contain asbestos. Testing for asbestos is outside the scope of the home inspection and requires laboratory sampling. Here’s a link (click HERE) to the EPA brochure with more information about vermiculite insulation. This was discovered at a recent home inspection in Friday Harbor on San Juan Island.
If you have a Cadet electric wall heater, you should check this link (click HERE) to see if it has been recalled by the CPSC (Consumer Product Safety Commission). This Cadet FX model wall heater was discovered at a recent home inspection in Anacortes on Fidalgo Island. Replacement by a qualified electrician was advised.